Thu, Aug 25, 2016
A A A
Welcome Guest
Free Trial RSS
Get FREE trial access to our award winning publications
Industry Updates

ESMA rules aim to curb excessive risk taking by alternative fund managers

Monday, February 11, 2013

Steven Maijoor
Opalesque Industry Update - The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published final Guidelines on remuneration of alternative investment fund managers (AIFMs). The rules will apply to managers of alternative investment funds (AIFs) including hedge funds, private equity funds and real estate funds. Non-EU AIFMs who market funds (using passport agreements) to EU investors will also be subject in full to the guidelines after a transitional period.

AIFMs will be asked to introduce sound and prudent remuneration policies and organisational structures which avoid conflicts of interest that may lead to excessive risk taking. Stronger governance of how fund managers are paid will ultimately lead to improved investor protection.

Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, stated, “These guidelines will help promote prudent risk-taking by fund managers and help align the interests of both fund managers and investors. Making sure that these provisions on pay are applied in a common and consistent way is key to increasing investor protection and ensuring a level-playing-field in the alternative fund sector across the EU.”

Pay rules aligned with other financial sectors

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (AIFMD) establishes a set of rules that AIFMs have to comply with when establishing and applying a remuneration policy for certain categories of their staff. ESMA’s guidelines further clarify the Directive’s provisions. In developing these guidelines, ESMA co-operated with the European Banking Authority in order to ensure alignment of guidance on remuneration policies across financial sectors.

The key elements of the guidelines include:

AIFs’ internal governance
• The governing body of each AIFM has to ensure sound and prudent remuneration policies/ structures exist and are not circumvented;
• AIFMs should select the type of staff for which a remuneration policy is put in place and be able to demonstrate according to which criteria this selection occurred; Categories of staff covered

ESMA’s remuneration guidelines apply to identified staff whose professional activities might have a material impact on the AIF’s risk profile. This includes:

senior management, risk takers, control functions; and
any employee receiving a total remuneration that takes them into the same remuneration bracket as the aforementioned categories of staff.

Types of remuneration covered
For the purposes of the guidelines, remuneration consists of all forms of payments or benefits paid by the AIFM, of any amount paid by the AIF itself, including carried interest, and of any transfer of units or shares of the AIF, in exchange for professional services rendered by the identified staff;

All remuneration should be divided into either fixed remuneration (payments or benefits without consideration of any performance criteria) or variable remuneration (additional payments or benefits depending on performance or, in certain cases, other contractual criteria).

Both components of remuneration (fixed and variable) may include monetary payments or benefits (such as cash, shares, options, remuneration by AIFs e.g. through carried interest models) or non-monetary benefits (such as discounts, special car allowances etc).

Next steps
The guidelines will be translated into the official languages of EU. Within two months of the publication of the translations on ESMA’s website, competent authorities should confirm to ESMA whether they comply or intend to comply with the guidelines by incorporating them into their supervisory practices. They will apply from 22 July 2013, subject to the transitional provisions of the AIFMD.

What do you think?

   Use "anonymous" as my name    |   Alert me via email on new comments   |   
Today's Exclusives Today's Other Voices More Exclusives
Previous Opalesque Exclusives                                  
More Other Voices
Previous Other Voices                                               
Access Alternative Market Briefing

 



  • Top Forwarded
  • Top Tracked
  • Top Searched
  1. LatAm hedge funds surge in 1H to +24.4%, emerging markets assets rise[more]

    Komfie Manalo, Opalesque Asia: Hedge funds investing in Latin America posted strong gains through mid-2016, reversing declines in four of the past five years, including the last three years, to lead all areas of hedge fund performance through the first half of 2016, according to the latest HFR Em

  2. Asia - LGT Capital Partners: Alternatives set for continued rise in Asia[more]

    From Asianinvestor.net: More flows are likely into insurance-linked strategies, private equity and trend-following strategies/CTAs, given the benefits of such investments, argues LGT Capital Partners. Despite the numerous quantitative easing programs and bailouts of recent years, the quest for

  3. Investors yank money from hedge funds after poor performance[more]

    From Marketwatch.com: A growing exodus from hedge funds extended to two of the biggest names in the industry Tuesday, Tudor Investment Corp. and Brevan Howard, as disenchanted investors increasingly shun what was once the hottest place to put money. The funds’ problem is clear: They just aren’t perf

  4. Banks look at hedge funds differently - and it should matter to allocators[more]

    From Valuewalk.com: Looking at two bank reports on the same topic can often yield interesting results. There are times when bank research is best viewed from the standpoint of how their analysis does or does not correlate with one another. Regarding hedge fund allocation decisions, one bank appears

  5. Legal - Hedge fund’s fixer kept deals flowing with bribes, U.S. says, Big four banks sued by U.S. hedge funds over BBSW, Lessons for hedge fund managers from the government's failed prosecution of alleged insider trading[more]

    Hedge fund’s fixer kept deals flowing with bribes, U.S. says From Bloomberg.com: With the Miami villa, stopovers at New York’s Plaza Hotel and millions channeled in bribes to win mining deals, Samuel Mebiame was the relationships guy in a corruption scheme that spanned continents, accord