Mon, Nov 24, 2014
A A A
Welcome Guest
Free Trial RSS
Get FREE trial access to our award winning publications
Industry Updates

ESMA rules aim to curb excessive risk taking by alternative fund managers

Monday, February 11, 2013

Steven Maijoor
Opalesque Industry Update - The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has published final Guidelines on remuneration of alternative investment fund managers (AIFMs). The rules will apply to managers of alternative investment funds (AIFs) including hedge funds, private equity funds and real estate funds. Non-EU AIFMs who market funds (using passport agreements) to EU investors will also be subject in full to the guidelines after a transitional period.

AIFMs will be asked to introduce sound and prudent remuneration policies and organisational structures which avoid conflicts of interest that may lead to excessive risk taking. Stronger governance of how fund managers are paid will ultimately lead to improved investor protection.

Steven Maijoor, ESMA Chair, stated, “These guidelines will help promote prudent risk-taking by fund managers and help align the interests of both fund managers and investors. Making sure that these provisions on pay are applied in a common and consistent way is key to increasing investor protection and ensuring a level-playing-field in the alternative fund sector across the EU.”

Pay rules aligned with other financial sectors

The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (AIFMD) establishes a set of rules that AIFMs have to comply with when establishing and applying a remuneration policy for certain categories of their staff. ESMA’s guidelines further clarify the Directive’s provisions. In developing these guidelines, ESMA co-operated with the European Banking Authority in order to ensure alignment of guidance on remuneration policies across financial sectors.

The key elements of the guidelines include:

AIFs’ internal governance
• The governing body of each AIFM has to ensure sound and prudent remuneration policies/ structures exist and are not circumvented;
• AIFMs should select the type of staff for which a remuneration policy is put in place and be able to demonstrate according to which criteria this selection occurred; Categories of staff covered

ESMA’s remuneration guidelines apply to identified staff whose professional activities might have a material impact on the AIF’s risk profile. This includes:

senior management, risk takers, control functions; and
any employee receiving a total remuneration that takes them into the same remuneration bracket as the aforementioned categories of staff.

Types of remuneration covered
For the purposes of the guidelines, remuneration consists of all forms of payments or benefits paid by the AIFM, of any amount paid by the AIF itself, including carried interest, and of any transfer of units or shares of the AIF, in exchange for professional services rendered by the identified staff;

All remuneration should be divided into either fixed remuneration (payments or benefits without consideration of any performance criteria) or variable remuneration (additional payments or benefits depending on performance or, in certain cases, other contractual criteria).

Both components of remuneration (fixed and variable) may include monetary payments or benefits (such as cash, shares, options, remuneration by AIFs e.g. through carried interest models) or non-monetary benefits (such as discounts, special car allowances etc).

Next steps
The guidelines will be translated into the official languages of EU. Within two months of the publication of the translations on ESMA’s website, competent authorities should confirm to ESMA whether they comply or intend to comply with the guidelines by incorporating them into their supervisory practices. They will apply from 22 July 2013, subject to the transitional provisions of the AIFMD.

What do you think?

   Use "anonymous" as my name    |   Alert me via email on new comments   |   
Today's Exclusives Today's Other Voices More Exclusives
Previous Opalesque Exclusives                                  
More Other Voices
Previous Other Voices                                               
Access Alternative Market Briefing


  • Top Forwarded
  • Top Tracked
  • Top Searched
  1. Regulatory - Stringent rules for hedge funds make the financial system fragile[more]

    From FT.com: …It is one thing to impose a regulatory burden when there is a clear need to do so. Banks are underwritten by taxpayers via deposit insurance as well as the too-big-to-fail safety net; they need to be reined in, and if they shrink as a result, that may be welcome. But it is another thin

  2. Investing - Apple: Hedge funds are crazy about it, Greenlight Capital took stake in Citizens Financial after IPO, Tiger Global added to Hertz, exited Dollar General last quarter, Oberweis sells NQ Mobile stake as Valiant adds shares, Whitney Tilson sticks to losing bet on MagicJack shares, Brigade Capital backs €90m Quinn sale[more]

    Apple: Hedge funds are crazy about it From Techinsider.net: Apple Inc. is still the most popular stocks among hedge funds. According to a recent report by hedge fund tracking site Insider Monkey, more than one out of 5 hedge funds are invested in Apple Inc. At the moment there are

  3. Greenlight Re CEO says hedge fund reinsurance strategy buzz is validating[more]

    From Artemis.bm: The attention being paid to the hedge fund reinsurance business model and the fact that others are now looking to leverage bits of it within their own strategies, is validating for reinsurer Greenlight Capital Re, according to CEO Bart Hedges. There has been an increasing buzz

  4. Legal - Hedge fund manager fights £8m tax tribunal ruling[more]

    From FT.com: A hedge fund manager who may have to repay £8m in tax is trying to overturn a tribunal ruling that found he had attempted to shelter millions in an avoidance scheme. Patrick Degorce, chief investment officer at Theleme Partners, lost a tax tribunal case last year. HM Revenue & Customs c

  5. Europe - Hedge funds face exit tax as Iceland central bank discusses plan[more]

    From Bloomberg.com: Hedge funds and other creditors with claims against Iceland’s failed banks face an exit tax as the island looks for ways to unwind capital controls without hurting the economy. The government targets having a plan it can present by year-end that would map out how Iceland will sca