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1MDB not national sovereign wealth fund? What is it, then?

Posted on 17 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s controversial pet cash cow spin, 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), has denied that it is the country’s second national Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF), after Khazanah Nasional. In an Oct 9 posting on its webpage titled “Frequently asked questions (FAQ) about 1MDB”, it reiterated that 1MDB was a strategic development company, wholly owned by the federal government, specifically the Finance Ministry.
So, 1MDB belongs to the government, rakyat and Malaysia, right? But it is not a SWF?Well, then let’s make way for 1MDB, initially set up as the Terengganu Investment Authority in 2009, to split hairs on what it really is………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Sovereign wealth fund should sit at BoZ-Deputy Governor

Posted on 17 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The Bank of Zambia has suggested that the proposed setting up of a sovereign wealth fund should be housed at the central bank. Finance Minister Alexander Chikwanda announced during the budget presentation that K100 million was allocated for the establishment of a sovereign wealth fund and suggested that the fund will be housed under the Industrial Development Corporation.
But Bank of Zambia Deputy Governor for Administration Dr Mabula Kankasa said it would be prudent if the fund was managed by the central bank. She was speaking on Wednesday when she led a team from the Bank of Zambia in making a presentation to the Expanded Estimates Committee on the 2015 national budget at Parliament buildings………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Transparency key to Zim’s wealth fund

Posted on 14 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Zimbabwe must be transparent and accountable to its citizens with the newly established Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF), a leading South African banker has said. Nesbert Ruwo, an investment banker said the country needs to engage its people first before it rushes to create the wealth fund.
“The key ingredients to a successful SWF include transparency and accountability. Citizens, who are the ultimate beneficiaries, need to be appraised continuously before and after a SWF is set up. Public awareness and support is of paramount importance,” he said………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Zim rushes to create sovereign fund

Posted on 13 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Sovereign Wealth Funds have been attracting a lot of attention in recent years as more countries establish funds and invest more capital in a wide range of assets. At least US$6 trillion in assets are being held by these funds globally. But the question is, should every country set up their own and for what purpose? Is there a rationale to rush to join the bandwagon?
A sovereign wealth fund (SWF) is a fund owned by the state that is invested in various financial assets (such as shares, fixed income instruments, and properties). A SWF is a form of a national savings account with a specific purpose(s), but mainly for the benefit of its current and future citizens………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Protect, grow permanent fund for the future

Posted on 10 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The state’s Land Grant Permanent Fund will distribute almost $600 million this year to New Mexico schools and other beneficiaries, a year-over-year increase of more than $60 million. In fiscal year 2016, we expect the Land Grant Permanent Fund and our other permanent endowment, the Severance Tax Permanent Fund, will distribute as much as $850 million in funding to benefit public schools and pay for government services.
While many New Mexicans are unaware of these benefits, without them, we would all be paying much higher taxes. As members of the State Investment Council, we ask for your vote on Nov. 4 for Constitutional Amendment 5. Amendment 5 will allow us as fiduciaries to better manage the Land Grant Permanent Fund, and should have a long-lasting and valuable impact on the state’s investment returns………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Sovereign wealth fund option to diversify Macau economy

Posted on 09 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

In recent months the government and lawmakers have been discussing creating a sovereign wealth fund. A sovereign wealth fund was also suggested as an option by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its July 2014 staff report. Under Article 4 of the IMF Articles of Agreement – which sets out the obligations of members regarding exchange arrangements – the IMF conducted a consultation with Macau, the first since the handover of sovereignty in 1999.
The staff report describes Macau’s economy as open and tourism dependent. Macau has no public debt and noteworthy fiscal reserves. The Macau financial system was highly commended in the report and the outlook appeared bright. Notwithstanding this, the IMF pointed out some changes that might occur in this framework in future………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Boris Johnson: Britain needs ‘gigantic’ SWF to help build new roads

Posted on 06 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Britain’s public sector pensions should be merged to create “gigantic” sovereign wealth fund which can invest in the roads, railways and airports that “this country is crying out for”, Boris Johnson has said.
The Mayor of London said that there has been an “ontological explosion” of pension fund managers who each have “their little jaws wrapped blissfully around the giant polymammous udder of the state”. He said that pensioners would enjoy higher incomes if Britain’s 39,000 public sector funds were merged to create a “citizen’s wealth fund” which could invest in major infrastructure to help stimulate Britain’s economy………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Norway’s Central Bank to Buy Kroner for Oil Fund in October

Posted on 01 October 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

In an unusual move, Norway’s central bank said on Tuesday it would buy Norwegian kroner and sell foreign exchange in the market in October on behalf of the country’s sovereign-wealth fund, sending the krone higher against the euro.
Norges Bank said it would sell the equivalent of 250 million Norwegian kroner ($38.8 million) a day in October. The central bank announces on the last working day of each month how much foreign currency it will buy or sell in the following month but hasn’t bought or sold foreign currency in this way since October 2013, when it sold kroner………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Suffering Wealth and Sovereign Wealth

Posted on 29 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The Excess Crude Account (ECA), which was set up by former President Olusegun Obasanjo under the inspiration of Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala in 2004, was the saving grace. Nigeria would have lapsed into a catastrophic economic downturn. Yet, when Obasanjo set up ECA, governors kicked against it, describing it as unconstitutional. All money must be shared, they said.
If Obasanjo had caved in, there would have been nothing to fall back on in 2009 when the crunch set in. We still make use of it till today. So much for constitionalism. ECA is, of course, not the same thing as SWF. ECA simply saves the difference between the budgeted and the actual prices of crude oil. It is a stabilisation fund, summoned when it is needed, especially by the governors who continue to wave the constitution in our face anything they crave raw cash. SWF, on the other hand, is primarily an investment………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Temasek ‘a company like no other’

Posted on 25 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Its beginnings were modest and fraught with risk but when Temasek Holdings held its 40th anniversary dinner last night, it had become, in the words of President Tony Tan Keng Yam, “a company like no other”.
In his keynote speech, Dr Tan said the investment firm was an “experiment born out of necessity” and had transformed itself into a Singapore institution that “epitomises a culture of constant hard work and ceaseless innovation to build for the future”. Last night, plenty of well-wishers gathered to mark that singular achievement over the past 40 ground-breaking years………………………………………..Full Article: Source

PNG’s Sovereign Wealth Fund: still too many loose ends

Posted on 23 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

If it’s going to proceed with it, the government would do well to announce specific plans for the Sovereign Wealth Fund before the year is out. Since August, government ministers have hinted that we might soon see an update on the state of Papua New Guinea’s Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF). Despite the recent parliament sitting, the government’s plans remain unclear. We wait for the answers to two important questions:
When will the Sovereign Wealth Fund be finalised and implemented? Will the operational rules and responsibilities, and the overall role of the Sovereign Wealth Fund, actually be what they said it would be at the outset? With PNG’s LNG exports now regularly reaching Japan’s shores, the government should be ready to answer these questions………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Economists release new analysis of a ‘Scottish Oil Fund’

Posted on 19 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

A new economic analysis of a potential Scottish Oil or Sovereign Wealth Fund has found that Scotland could earn the same from the fund as current revenues from North Sea oil and gas tax receipts. The new economic outlook found that Scotland could have amassed a fund worth between £73.64 billion and £147.28 billion in 24 years, the same time as the Norwegian Oil Fund has been running.
The economic analysis found that the Scottish Oil Fund would bring in an annual income of between £2.9 billion and £5.8 billion respectively in today’s prices, the same amount as current estimated tax receipts from North Sea oil and gas revenues……………………………………..Full Article: Source

Scottish oil fund ‘would be worth billions’

Posted on 18 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

A Scottish sovereign wealth fund could produce a recurring oil income worth billions to an independent Scotland, according to a new analysis. The economic outlook found that if only £1.2 billion was invested each year into an oil fund and delivered similar growth to the Norwegian Fund, then Scotland could expect a fund worth £73.64 billion in 24 years.
Rather than be directed to tax revenues, the fund would continue to grow year on year with revenues from the North Sea and investment returns reinvested, the report argued. Oilandgaspeople.com chief executive Kevin Forbes said the analysis suggested that Scotland could create ”a never-ending supply of funds derived from North Sea oil and gas” if it were to establish a national oil fund…………………………………..Full Article: Source

Oil fund post-Yes vote ‘could reach £147bn’

Posted on 18 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Scottish independence: An independent Scotland could amass an oil fund that would “never run out” and reach £147 billion within 25 years of a Yes vote, according to new research. The SNP Government wants to set up a Norwegian style fund and a report by leading North Sea employment firm oilandgaspeople.com finds it could eventually bring in an income of between £2.9 billion and £5.8 billion - the same amount as North Sea taxes alone.
Kevin Forbes, of oilandgaspeople.com said: “The significance of this shouldn’t be underestimated. If Scotland invests now for the future, it could find itself with a never-ending supply of funds derived from North Sea oil and gas. In other words, the oil and gas money will never run out.”…………………………………..Full Article: Source

Look at Norway’s independence example

Posted on 18 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Norway’s oil discovery happened at much the same time, but there was a significant difference in the way the Norwegians dealt with the wealth that came with the striking of black gold. The state has retained control of the Norwegian oil industry, and set up a sovereign wealth fund to use its oil income to best effect.
The fund, set up in 1990, was valued at NOK1,234bn (£119bn) on 1 January 2014 and is expected to be worth around $1 trillion by 2020. The capital itself, however, is never touched to cover state spending……………………………………Full Article: Source

Moody’s applauds Khazanah’s key role in national development

Posted on 18 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Moody’s Investors Service has commended Khazanah Nasional Bhd over the key role it plays in national development through continuous strategic investment. It said Khazanah’s leading role in the Malaysian Airlines restructuring plan illustrated the potential impact of sovereign wealth funds on debt sustainability.
“As part of our Sovereign Bond Ratings methodology, we regard Khazanah, Malaysia’s sovereign wealth fund as supporting the country’s rating,” Moody’s said in its ‘Credit Analysis on Malaysia’ report. Khazanah, an investment arm of the Malaysian government, held assets worth RM135.1 billion (13.7 per cent of the gross domestic product - GDP) at the end of 2013……………………………………Full Article: Source

Why 1MDB is often misunderstood

Posted on 17 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Its corporate tagline “Forging partnerships, advancing growth” is clearly visible on the hoarding boards at the site of the future Tun Razak Exchange. As work goes on unassumingly to lay the groundwork for Malaysia’s international financial district, the world is watching anxiously to see the kind of growth its master developer 1Malaysia Development Bhd (1MDB) will be advancing.
In the two years since the project has been launched, the relocation process has been smooth, the ground work is in progress, the MRT station on its site begins to take shape, and it has recently announced Lend Lease of Australia and Exim Bank of China as investors. 1MDB’s substantial energy assets have also attracted scrutiny, especially with all the talk of imminent listing…………………………………Full Article: Source

Angola’s Sovereign Wealth Fund Is Underway

Posted on 16 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Announced in 2008, established in 2012, and receiving the final installment of its initial endowment in June of this year, Fundo Soberano de Angola (Angola’s sovereign wealth fund) finally has progressed to investing its $5 billion in assets. In a series of recent interviews, fund Chairman José Filomeno Dos Santos has been detailing how the fund’s portfolio will be diversified and answering questions about its governance structure.
The guiding principle of the fund will be to “[pursue] investments that generate long-term and sustainable financial returns” and, in turn, use that wealth “to promote growth, prosperity and social and economic development across Angola” and sub-Saharan Africa more broadly. To accomplish these goals, up to one third of the $5 billion fund will be put into alternative investments across sub-Saharan Africa………………………………………..Full Article: Source

NZ: Cunliffe unveils sovereign wealth fund policy

Posted on 15 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

A Labour Government would establish a sovereign wealth fund to invest in new businesses, including clean energy projects using dividend cash from the remaining stakes in mixed ownership model companies and higher oil and gas royalties, leader David Cunliffe says.
Mr Cunliffe this morning unveiled his party’s ‘NZ Inc’ policy which he said would “drive growth, boost clean technology and protect our strategic assets to achieve our goal of a smarter, cleaner, fairer economy”. The policy’s three key aims were to “drive sustainable growth, support the transition from fossil fuels to clean technology and enshrine New Zealand ownership of our strategic assets”………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Labour’s late call for a sovereign wealth fund

Posted on 15 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Its announcement of the NZ Inc fund, a sovereign wealth-type fund, would be seeded in the first instance by $100 million a year in dividend income from the government’s ongoing ownership of partially privatised electricity and airline assets, and from any other state-owned companies that happen to turn a profit.
However, that would be the tip of the iceberg, with funds in the longer term coming from royalties earned by companies extracting oil, gas and minerals from New Zealand territory. The big missing piece in Labour’s analysis is how much it would raise royalties. It says Australian royalty rates are higher and would provide a benchmark, but there are no accompanying numbers………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Kenya to establish sovereign wealth fund

Posted on 15 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Kenya is fast tracking the establishment of the National Sovereign Wealth Fund (NSWF) that will invest with revenues from the country’s natural resources, the presidency said in a statement on Friday.
It said the framework for the commodities based on the NSWF will be developed through the Sovereign Wealth Fund bill 2014. “Stakeholders are currently reviewing the NSWF Bill, which will soon be tabled in parliament,” the President’s Chief of Staff Joseph Kinyua said. The law will provide guidelines on how and under what conditions money will be withdrawn from the fund………………………………………..Full Article: Source

‘Blurred lines’ on Angolan wealth fund

Posted on 12 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The launch of Angola’s $5-billion sovereign wealth fund was hailed as a major step in the country’s post-war economic development and asset managers from around the world licked their lips in anticipation of an opportunity to work with Africa’s second-biggest oil producer.
Nearly two years on from its high-profile beginning in October 2012, the Fundo Soberano de Angola (FSDEA) is still regarded in investor circles as a tantalising opportunity, but it is dogged by a number of unanswered questions. First, there is the discomfort around the fund being chaired by José Filomeno dos Santos, the eldest son of Angola’s president José Eduardo, who since 1979 has led one of Africa’s most corrupt countries where vast oil revenues have done little to address grinding poverty………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Malpass: Fed Risks Turning Its Balance Sheet Into Sovereign Wealth Fund

Posted on 10 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

David Malpass, president of Encima Global Research firm, isn’t too impressed with the Federal Reserve’s decision to maintain a huge balance sheet for years and to refrain from an interest-rate hike until at least next year.
The Fed’s balance sheet has bulged to $4.5 trillion through quantitative easing, and it has kept its federal funds rate target at a record low of zero to 0.25 percent since December 2008. “Far from being neutral or stimulative, these policies have caused huge distortions in financial markets, contributing to slow growth and falling median incomes,” Malpass writes in The Wall Street Journal………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Super fund governance overdue for overhaul

Posted on 09 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

When the Coalition came to power a year ago it promised a big shake-up in the corporate governance standards of the country’s $1.6 trillion superannuation. Fast forward to today and the Abbott government has made haste to dilute the Future of Financial Advice (FOFA) reforms after some heavy lobbying by the big financial institutions.
But issues of corporate governance seem to have ground to a halt. These include the composition of superannuation fund boards and the role of default funds in the modern award system - areas which have rightly attracted a lot of heated debate in the past few years………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Can Scotland Really Be as Rich as Norway?

Posted on 09 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Scotland’s pro-independence politicians are putting considerable faith in oil. Probably too much. One of the touchstones for the independence movement is that with control of its share of North Sea oil and gas revenue, Scotland could become rich in its own right, like Norway.
But the numbers don’t quite stack up if Scotland plans to create a nest egg like Norway’s sovereign wealth fund, a near $900 billion investment portfolio built up since 1990……………………………………….Full Article: Source

The Fed Is Looking Like a Sovereign Wealth Fund

Posted on 08 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The Federal Reserve recently made clear it is planning to maintain its enormous balance sheet—roughly $4.5 trillion in Treasurys and mortgage-backed securities—for many years, while keeping interest rates near zero at least into 2015. Far from being neutral or stimulative, these policies have caused huge distortions in financial markets, contributing to slow growth and falling median incomes.
Given the tendency of government programs to expand and become permanent, the risk now is that the Fed’s large pool of assets and liabilities evolves into a semi-permanent government-controlled investment fund, a U.S. version of the sovereign-wealth funds created by other governments………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Inside Angola’s Sovereign Wealth Fund

Posted on 08 September 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Ready to invest. The fund received the last part of its $5 billion endowment in June, and has put the whole lot to work, albeit so far mainly in listed securities (chiefly cash and bonds, but some listed equities too). It is now beginning to invest in alternatives.
Target allocation. Dos Santos told me the aim is to put one third of the fund’s assets into liquid securities (a figure that can never drop below 20%), one third into alternative investments in sub-Saharan African, and one third into what he called “opportunistic investments internationally: distressed assets that the fund could take advantage of, spin around and refocus.”……………………………………….Full Article: Source

Ho Iat Seng: Consider options ahead of Macau sovereign fund

Posted on 26 August 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The President of the Legislative Assembly says that before a fund is created other options should be considered, as the first may be too risky. The President of the Legislative Assembly, Ho Iat Seng, said that if the government of Macau decides to create a sovereign wealth fund it must act very carefully, as times are very unstable for investment.
“I’m always concerned about the return rates of sovereign funds. These days, the return rates are low. I believe that if it is decided to create a sovereign fund it will require us to be very prudent”, Mr. Ho Iat Seng said during a meeting with journalists for the annual report of the legislative year………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Ho Iat Seng: Consider options ahead of Macau sovereign fund

Posted on 25 August 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The President of the Legislative Assembly says that before a fund is created other options should be considered, as the first may be too risky.The President of the Legislative Assembly, Ho Iat Seng, said that if the government of Macau decides to create a sovereign wealth fund it must act very carefully, as times are very unstable for investment.
“I’m always concerned about the return rates of sovereign funds. These days, the return rates are low. I believe that if it is decided to create a sovereign fund it will require us to be very prudent”, Mr. Ho Iat Seng said during a meeting with journalists for the annual report of the legislative year. He also recalled his experience, back in 2007, when he was involved in the decision to create the China Investment Corporation, a sovereign wealth fund that manages part of the People’s Republic of China’s foreign exchange reserves………………………………………..Full Article: Source

India: Set up sovereign wealth fund to manage investments in PSUs

Posted on 25 August 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Apex public sector enterprises body SCOPE today suggested setting up a sovereign wealth fund to manage investments in state-owned units. “Globally, many countries have created sovereign wealth fund or sovereign holding structure for their state-owned enterprises for improving governance and deliverability.
“Therefore, there is need for structural change which could be arrived at by wide deliberations between academicians, researchers, professional and government and people at large. This would help in improving corporate governance practices and far better professionalization,” Standing Conference of Public Enterprises (SCOPE) Director General U D Choubey said in a statement………………………………………..Full Article: Source

ORTEL: Create an American sovereign wealth fund

Posted on 22 August 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

In America, the cradle of capitalism, we need to have a sovereign wealth fund. Capitalized with at least $1 trillion in the beginning, our fund should be the largest, most forward-looking and most successful one in the world. If run independently (without partisan influence) by credentialed managers who might contribute their service gratis, America’s Sovereign Wealth Fund would produce consistent and outsized rates of return on invested capital.
Under exceptional management, our fund could grow in size to levels that might help reassure our foreign creditors, as these must already be more than worried given the size of America’s total debt, and our demonstrated pattern of bipartisan profligacy………………………………………..Full Article: Source

IMF Urges SWF for China’s Casino City

Posted on 14 August 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Macau has been urged to create a sovereign wealth fund (SWF) and invest the billions in profits made from its engorged gambling industry. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) said the explosion of the betting tourism in the Special Administrative Region (SAR) since 2001 meant its government had received huge revenues over the last decade.
“To ensure that public finances remain on a sound footing as the gaming sector matures and the population ages, they recommended the adoption of a medium-term budget framework,” an IMF report on the region said………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Scottish independence and a Sovereign Wealth Fund

Posted on 11 August 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

EY explained in a recent report on the anticipated implications of Scottish independence for the oil and gas industry that a central theme in the debate has been the proposal from the ‘Yes’ campaign that if Scotland become independent then it should follow the approach of oil-rich countries in setting up a Sovereign Wealth Fund.
The fund would aim to enable the country to spend the wealth generated by oil and gas across the generations so that the beneficial impact is transformational to the economy in many decades time. However, its opponents insist that its creation could require tax increases and/or cuts to public expenditure…………………………………Full Article: Source

Macau urged to create SWF to invest reserves

Posted on 01 August 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Macau’s government has been urged to create a sovereign wealth fund (SWF) to better manage its substantial fiscal reserves and buffer the territory against external shocks. Following a recent mission to the Chinese SAR, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) issued a report stating that the establishment of an SWF with a clear mandate would enable Macau to generate better risk-adjusted returns over a long horizon, as well as help to diversify its asset base.
According to the IMF, the territory’s fiscal reserves stood at 58.7% of its overall GDP in 2013, or close to US$30 billion. It also projected that Macau’s economy would grow by 9% this year and by 10% in 2015………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Macau: Sovereign wealth fund an option

Posted on 30 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The International Monetary Fund thinks it’s a good idea that Macau establish a sovereign wealth fund. Anselmo Teng Lin Seng of the Monetary Authority here is well aware of the option.
Macau’s Monetary Authority president Anselmo Teng Lin Seng said that establishing a sovereign wealth fund as suggested by the International Monetary Authority is “one of the options” to further diversify the city’s reserves, although he did not confirm if such an option was a near-term goal………………………………………..Full Article: Source

BRICS Bank Is Mostly a Jointly Managed Sovereign Wealth Fund

Posted on 22 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Because the credit ratings of Brazil, Russia, South Africa and India are not robust enough to command borrowing on the capital markets at relatively low rates, and it is only China’s economy among the BRICS that can currently support massive borrowing on the capital markets to enable relatively low-interest lending, it again points to the BRICS Bank being a SWF-like entity.
SWFs generally do not borrow on the capital markets and instead use their own corpus of funds to invest in other countries, almost never their own country. Technically, some SWFs do have the ability to borrow, but rarely do so in practice………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Managing foreign exchange reserve risks; Taiwan to consider SWF?

Posted on 21 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Foreign exchange reserves hit a record high of US$423.45 billion in Taiwan in June and also set a new high of US$7.47 trillion in Asia. Seventy percent of the increase in foreign exchange reserves in 2013 were seen in Asia. The government, therefore, has to seriously consider measures to manage Taiwan’s huge foreign exchange reserves. We have previously suggested setting aside a part of the country’s foreign exchange reserves to establish a sovereign wealth fund.
Currently there are more than 30 countries, including Singapore, Kuwait, Brunei, Norway and the United Arab Emirates, that have set up such funds with total combined assets of US$6.321 trillion. Although Taiwan has not set up such a fund, it has one in practice. The central bank has made good use of its foreign exchange reserves in recent years, contributing about NT$200 billion a year to national coffers, helping cover fiscal deficits………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Sovereign fund could be answer for Taiwan

Posted on 21 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Not so long ago, a third-party investment manager handling government funds caused heavy losses for Taiwan’s Labor Pension and Labor Insurance funds. Now another market trader is suspected of speculating on shares with board members of an over-the-counter listed company, causing the pension fund to lose more than NT$60 million (US$2 million).
Minister of Finance Chang Sheng-ford has suggested setting up a “Taiwan sovereign fund,” but nothing more has been done about it. If fund managers are inexpert and third-party traders keep mishandling the funds, establishing a sovereign fund could be a solution, since it could kill two birds with one stone by averting rogue trading and improving investment performance………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Bahamian govt in sovereign wealth fund plans

Posted on 18 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The Government’s draft oil exploration legislation contains provisions for the creation of a Bahamian sovereign wealth fund, which would receive all due multi-million dollar royalty payments on any ‘black gold’ under this nation’s water.He confirmed that provisions to create a Bahamian sovereign wealth fund, which would be owned and managed by the Government on the Bahamian people’s behalf, were among the legislation being drafted.
Sovereign wealth funds, such as Singapore’s Temasek, have been established by many Middle East and Asian nations as vehicles to hold multi-billion dollars worth of assets and revenues, which are generated from sectors such as oil. These funds are then invested in productive areas of the global economy………………………………………..Full Article: Source

India: ‘No plans now to set up sovereign wealth fund’

Posted on 14 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

India is not looking to set up any sovereign wealth fund (SWF) for now, Finance Secretary Arvind Mayarm has said. “We don’t think we have reached a stage where we can now commit our forex reserves to a SWF and start investing all around the world,” he said.
Mayaram’s remarks are significant as it is the first time since the new Government assumed charge that a senior Finance Ministry official was commenting on the matter of sovereign wealth fund………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Tanzania: Sovereign Wealth Fund Formation - Dar Needs to Tread Carefully

Posted on 11 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Tanzania is on course to establish a Sovereign Wealth Fund to manage proceeds from oil and gas finds, but experts caution that to reap maximum benefits from its resources, the country must have in place effective mechanisms to foster good governance and transparency.
The mining sector’s contribution to Tanzania’s GDP more than tripled between the mid-1990s and 2012, reaching 3.5 per cent. However, since the mining boom started in the early 1990s, the East African country has failed to transform this into wealth for communities near the mines, critics say, hence the need for the government to rectify mistakes and ensure the Sovereign Wealth Fund works for the population from grassroots………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Heritage fund or Slinky fund?

Posted on 10 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The recent announcement that the Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund earned $2.1 billion in 2013 is great news, but don’t break out the champagne yet. While these record earnings will help relieve Alberta’s current budget deficits, they are almost meaningless in the long term — which is, or at least was, the whole point of having a heritage fund.
Why? Because under current government policy, virtually all of the fund’s realized annual earnings are transferred to general revenue for in-year spending. This means the fund’s value cannot grow as the market goes up………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Tanzania: Sovereign Wealth Fund - Call to Impose Strict Risk Limitations

Posted on 09 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Tanzania is on course to establish a Sovereign Wealth Fund to manage proceeds from oil and gas finds, but experts caution that to reap maximum benefits from its resources, the country must have in place effective mechanisms to foster good governance and transparency.
The caution comes amid recent findings by the New York -based Revenue Watch Institute (RWI) and the Vale Columbia Centre on Sustainable International Investment (VCC), revealing that vast sums of money made from the extraction of oil, gas, and minerals–much of it in resource-rich countries where most citizens are nonetheless impoverished–are poorly managed and off limits from the oversight of civil society and the media…………………………………..Full Article: Source

Chan defends fund at length

Posted on 08 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The market should disregard the short- term performance of the Exchange Fund, said Hong Kong Monetary Authority chief executive Norman Chan Tak-lam. HKMA yesterday revealed the latest official foreign currency reserve assets stand at US$320.9 billion (HK$2.5 trillion) at the end of June, up from US$320.2 billion in May.
Chan wrote in an article reviewing his work over the past five years that the fund - the reserve that the HKMA uses to defend the Hong Kong dollar - is not a sovereign wealth fund and the investment objective is not to pursue high returns.He stressed the necessity to hold enough highly liquid assets to meet short-term obligations…………………………………….Full Article: Source

Nigeria: Akwa Ibom top contributor to Sovereign Wealth Fund in 2013- MD

Posted on 07 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Akwa Ibom State remains the highest contributor to Sovereign Wealth Fund in the Country for 2013, it has been revealed. The Managing Director/Chief Executive of the Nigerian Sovereign Wealth Investment Authority (NSIA), Mr. Uche Orji, who stated this Friday when he and his team paid Governor Godswill Akpabio a courtesy visit at Governor’s Office, Uyo, hinted that Akwa Ibom Government contributed the highest to the fund particularly counterpart funding.
Mr. Orji said they were in the state to partner the state government and invest in the state as well as be a part of the uncommon transformation of Governor Akpabio, hinting that the authority invests in real estate, agriculture, power and seaport, among others………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Romania’s Government wants to set up sovereign fund by raising private money

Posted on 02 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The Romanian Government will start looking for investors to subscribe in the first private equity fund managed by the state, this fall, according to Mircea Geoana, senator for the Social Democratic Party (PSD). He said that this fund could gather up to EUR 4 billion. This vehicle won’t be a sovereign fund in the true sense, as most money will come from private investors, according to Wall-street.ro.
“Technically, it’s not a sovereign fund, we are following the Polish model. It is a fund that will be called Romania-Moldova. On October 2-4 this year we will make an announcement of the public offer and then we will start presenting it in a road-show and try to gather investors. The fund will be launched in 2015, because it will take at least nine months to make the necessary documentation and gather investors,” Geoana explained………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Time to launch a sovereign wealth fund: Manish Kejriwal, Temasek Holdings

Posted on 01 July 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Manish Kejriwal was the senior managing director of one of the world’s largest sovereign wealth funds (SWFs), Temasek Holdings, owned by the Singapore government. A Baker Scholar from the Harvard Business School, in whose 8-year-term as the country head, the fund invested roughly $5 billion.
“I believe that the current government under the centralised leadership seems to be the one which can actually execute the concept of a sovereign wealth fund that can tick off all the required boxes and deliver as per its mandate,” Kejriwal, who now runs $500m Keedara Capital, said………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Oil fund is complete con, says energy minister

Posted on 27 June 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The SNP Government’s plan for an oil fund in an independent Scotland is a “complete con”, Ed Davey has insisted. The claim came as the Energy Secretary visits Scotland today to promote the UK Government’s renewable energy plans and announce an additional £50 million to clean up nuclear waste at Dounreay in Caithness.
Last month, John Swinney made clear the Scottish Government could set up a Norwegian-style oil fund from “the point of independence” and secure an “economic bonus”, which could be delivered only by breaking away from the UK. The Scottish Finance Secretary noted that Norway’s oil fund, which began in the mid-1990s “with only modest payments”, was now the world’s largest sovereign wealth fund worth more than £500 billion………………………………………..Full Article: Source

Zimbabwe: Delay setting up sovereign fund: IMF

Posted on 26 June 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

The International Monetary Fund is recommending that Government delays the introduction of the Sovereign Wealth Fund saying it will add more fiscal stress to already strained accounts as the institution warned that fiscal under-performance remains the highest risk facing the economy.
In the full Article IV Concluding Statement seen by this paper, the IMF directors recommended delaying the introduction of the Sovereign Wealth Fund. “Although such a mechanism might be helpful over the medium term, the present situation of fiscal stress requires that the Government avoid imposing on itself new administrative and managerial challenges. The mission encourages the authorities to re-examine the fiscal regime for extractive industries before launching any SWF.”……………………………………….Full Article: Source

The Nigerian SWF

Posted on 18 June 2014 by VRS  |  Email |Print

Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWF) are state-owned investment funds typically (though not exclusively) funded through revenues from commodity exports or foreign exchange reserves held by central banks which invest in real and financial assets-stocks, bonds, real estate, infrastructure, precious metals or alternative investments such as private equity and hedge funds.
The term “sovereign wealth fund” was reportedly first used in 2005 by one Andrew Rozanov in an article titled, “Who Holds the Wealth of Nations?” in Central Banking Journal, even though such funds have existed for over a century. The number of SWFs has however dramatically increased in the 2000s………………………………………..Full Article: Source

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